Food Knowledge, Tea Knowledge

What is Assam Tea?

Assam Tea

What is it?

       Assam Tea (also known as Assam black tea, breakfast tea, British tea, or Irish tea) is a popular type of black tea produced from the plant Camellia Sinensis var. assamica. Just as how any other type of black tea is usually named after the region in which its tea leaves are grown, Assam Tea is brewed specifically from tea leaves grown in the region of Assam in India. India has the second largest commercial tea leaves yield after China with a tropical climate that give Assam tea its distinct malty and earthy flavor.

    Dry Assam tea leaves are typically black in color sometimes tipped with a gold bud and when steeped in water produce a deep red or dark brown color. Unlike green tea or white tea, black tea leaves are nearly fully oxidized. This results in a stronger flavor and longer shelf life than other types of tea.

     Assam black tea is not to be confused with Chinese black tea. In the past, black tea from China dominated the tea market and was brewed from the tea plant Camellia Sinensis var. sinensis. That changed when a new variety Camellia Sinensis var. assamica was discovered in India in the 19th century and was introduced to the world as breakfast tea. Chinese black tea (red tea) has a delicate and rich flavor while Assam tea is more astringent and bitter due to the different environment and method of preparation. Chinese black tea is typically enjoyed without sweeteners. Meanwhile, the bitterness of Assam tea is often offset with milk or sugar.  

Assam Tea Health Benefits 

     Assam tea contains a good amount of caffeine to boost energy and focus in the morning. Other possible health benefits include improvement of oral health. Also, antioxidants strengthen the immune system and may reduce the risk of heart attacks, strokes, and cancer while vitamin B1 (thiamine) helps in improving blood circulation.

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